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Memory, Myth, and Monuments: The Commemoration of a Contested Past in Western Ukraine

In 2010, President Viktor Yushchenko’s posthumous award of the title ‘Hero of Ukraine’ to Stepan Bandera ignited a debate that threw memory and history into conflict. Bandera was the founder of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) whose military arm, the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), or Ukrayins’ka Povstans’ka Armiya, fought for Ukrainian independence from 1942–1952. […]